By Julian Roberts
Despite the capability advantages that PSSA designation can bring, contemporary perform either in the IMO and via person member States, has significantly undermined self belief during this rising proposal. the point of interest of this publication is at the occasions in the IMO that experience resulted in this insecurity bobbing up. In doing so, this publication provides an exam of coastal nation perform with the PSSA concept.
In venture this research, the examine presents facts of the worth of the PSSA inspiration, but additionally demonstrates its obstacles. during this regard, the e-book provides a fact cost which seeks to rationalise a number of the heightened expectancies with the idea that are obvious within the present debate. The examine argues that States may perhaps search to designate PSSAs extra for his or her iconic prestige than for any demonstrable environmental merits which may be realised.
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Additional info for Marine environment protection and biodiversity conservation: the application and future development of the IMO's particularly sensitive sea area concept
33-49; Birnie & Boyle, Chap. 11 generally (note 7 above). 4 The Marine Protected Area Concept in International Law 33 tion, making it one of the most widely ratified of all environmental conventions. The Convention encompasses all living organisms and their ecosystems, and establishes principles and procedures for the management and conservation of biological diversity. 121 Moreover, each Party is required to take action to protect components of coastal and marine biodiversity within its national jurisdiction.
423-515. 1, Stockholm Action Plan for the Human Environment, 1973. D. Momtaz, “The United Nations and the protection of the environment: From Stockholm to Rio de Janeiro,” Political Geography 15 (1996), p. 265. The resolutions on institutional and financial arrangements led to the establishment by the UN General Assembly of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). L. Juda, International Law and Ocean Use Management (London/New York: Routledge, 1996), p. 186. The Stockholm Conference called upon States to endorse collectively the following statement: The marine environment and all the living organisms which it supports are of vital importance to humanity, and all people who have an interest in assuring that this environment is so managed that its quality and resources are not impaired.
12 Although the provisions of the 1958 conventions are general, they established several important precedents on principles now basic to international environmental law. 14 However, while reference was clearly made to the regulation of pollution, the 1958 conventions did not impose duties on States to adhere to that convention or regulate pollution at sea but merely empowered them to do so. Article 24 of the 1958 Convention on the High Seas,15 while requiring States to regulate oil pollution from ships, did not specify the content of those regulations beyond requiring that existing treaty provisions should be taken into account.
Marine environment protection and biodiversity conservation: the application and future development of the IMO's particularly sensitive sea area concept by Julian Roberts