By Ebru Boyar, Kate Fleet
Utilizing a wealth of latest Ottoman resources, this ebook recreates the social background of Istanbul, an enormous, cosmopolitan city and imperial capital of the Ottoman Empire. Seat of the Sultan and a plush overseas emporium, Istanbul was once additionally a urban of violence shaken frequently by means of traditional mess ups and via the turmoil of sultanic politics and violent rebellion. Its population, entertained by way of imperial festivities and cared for through the nice pious foundations which touched each point in their lives, additionally amused themselves within the quite a few excitement gardens and the numerous public baths of town. whereas the booklet is targeted on Istanbul, it offers a vast photograph of Ottoman society, the way it used to be established and the way it built and remodeled throughout 4 centuries. As such, the publication bargains an exhilarating substitute to the extra conventional histories of the Ottoman Empire.
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Extra resources for A Social History of Ottoman Istanbul
They form a natural development, which continued, with various reversals and shifts in direction and emphasis, after his death into the reign of his successor Bayezid II, and on through the reigns of succeeding sultans. Regardless of any lack of imperial signiﬁcance, however, Mehmed II was certainly determined to take the city. 50 His reasons for wishing to conquer the city were economic and strategic rather than imperial. Constantinople’s location allowed it to control the Straits, the ‘throat’51 between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean, and the crossing from Europe to Asia.
Tursun Bey, The History of Mehmed the Conqueror by Tursun Beg, ed. Halil İnalcık and Rhoads Murphey (Minneapolis and Chicago, 1978), f. 31a. Doukas, Historia, p. 252; Doukas, Decline, p. 201. Tursun Bey, Tarih-i Ebü’l-Feth, ed. Mertol Tulum (Istanbul, 1977), p. 41. Tursun Bey, Tarih, p. 41. 53 Tursun Bey, History, f. 32a. Conquest 13 Ottomans. Mehmed was keenly aware of this inconvenience and knew well the problems this had caused in the past. 57 Control of the water was not only strategic but also commercial.
The Ottomans were further fortunate in that the early rulers (Osman (d. 1324–62), Murad I (1362–89) and Bayezid I (1389–1402)) reigned for comparatively long periods and were not apparently troubled by succession struggles. Religious war (the gaza), so commonly used to account for Ottoman success, was probably not a signiﬁcant factor. 98 In any case, gaza was a factor common to all the small Turkish states and cannot therefore satisfactorily explain the rise of one state in particular. This also applies to the role of the dervishes (the suﬁs), whose presence was inﬂuential in easing the path of Ottoman expansion, offering a spirituality which made Ottoman rule more palatable and was more appealing to the conquered Orthodox population than a strict orthodox Islam would have been.
A Social History of Ottoman Istanbul by Ebru Boyar, Kate Fleet