Read e-book online A Companion to the Latin Language PDF

By James Clackson

ISBN-10: 1405186054

ISBN-13: 9781405186056

A significant other to the Latin Language offers a set of unique essays from overseas students that song the improvement and use of the Latin language from its origins to its modern-day usage.

  • Brings jointly contributions from across the world popular classicists, linguists and Latin language specialists
  • Offers, in one quantity, a close account of alternative literary registers of the Latin language
  • Explores the social and political contexts of Latin
  • Includes new bills of the Latin language in mild of recent linguistic theory
  • Supplemented with illustrations protecting the improvement of the Latin alphabet
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Additional resources for A Companion to the Latin Language

Sample text

It must be remembered, however, that these letters remained in Etruscan abecedaria for over a hundred years after the alphabet was adopted. 1). Latin speakers learned an unabridged alphabet of this type, one having the full complement of letters. A clever and innovative scribe resurrected the “dead” letters B, D and O in order to represent sounds in Latin that were not found in the Etruscan phonological system. Direct transmission from Greek does not permit a compelling explanation for the use of the letter C to represent a voiceless velar stop in Latin, whereas borrowing from Etruscan does.

In any language, the vocabulary is formed from a combination of inherited, borrowed and derived lexemes. In the first of her two chapters, Fruyt considers the basic vocabulary of Latin, the organisation of the semantic structure of the lexicon, and the means by which the language incorporates words borrowed from other languages, with particular focus on the reaction to, and the reception of, Greek words. indd 3 6/7/2011 11:42:49 AM 4 James Clackson lexical class to another with the addition of no overt affix).

Adams examines the notion of Late Latin, and asks whether there are distinctive linguistic features to Latin of this date, and how linguistic change, pressure from the standard language and other factors intertwine in texts written in Late Antiquity and beyond. The last two chapters describe the survival of Latin as a written and scholarly idiom, used alongside various vernaculars, from the Middle Ages to the present day. Greti Dinkova-Bruun discusses Medieval Latin, offering sample texts to illustrate the changes in orthography, grammar, vocabulary and style of Latin texts in the period between the end of antiquity and the Renaissance.

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A Companion to the Latin Language by James Clackson

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